Posted by Earl Bachman | Comments Off on The ultimate list of the biggest names in permaculture and organic farming
Permaculture and organic farming are well known ways of organizing and arranging our gardens and fields in the on-going battle for a healthy and sustainable environment. Organic farming is slightly older of the two, since the term permaculture and the elaborate system it describes was introduces in the late 1970s and the farms with organic food were present even in 1900s. Either way, they provide people with necessary contact with nature and enable protection of the planet in the end, and that is the most important element of the whole idea. As one of the core tenets of permaculture is care for the Earth, it is easy to see that without a healthy habitat even the human race is not going to be here for long. That is the reason why some brilliant minds and inspired visionaries dedicated their lives to principles and codes of natural design and sustainable living. You should read 12 principles of permaculture.
Bill Mollison (1928 – ): frequently described as “the father of permaculture”, this Australian professor co-published a book named “Permaculture One” in 1978, and this marked the official birth of this complex system of codes and ideas. He also started The Permaculture Institute in Tasmania and wrote several other books and articles on topics on environments and ecology.
- David Holmgren (1955 – ): Mollison’s student who coined the term “permaculture” together with his professor, and is therefore considered as on of the founding fathers of this system. Long career in activism and practical approach to sustainability brought him international respect and popularity. Fryers Forrest ecovillage in Australia is one of his most famous projects, and he also wrote numerous publications on this topic.
- Joseph Russell Smith (1874-1966): one of the pioneers of organic farming, he was actually the first to use the term “permanent agriculture” in his book “Tree Crops” in 1929 where he explained his experiments with fruits and crops. This book later inspired many people and other experts in starting the process of natural food production.
- Masanobu Fukuoka (1913 – 2008): Japanese philosopher and environmentalist who was very popular during 1970s and 1980s making a series of appearances in TV documentaries. His famous book “The One-Straw Revolution” was sold in over a million copies, and translated in more than 20 languages. His influences reach beyond permaculture, since he was a strong inspiration to all people willing to connect with nature.
- I. Rodale (1898 – 1971): a man who introduced the term “organic” and made it popular in America. This pioneer of sustainable farming and organic agriculture wrote several books on the topic, and he also founded a publishing company Rodale Inc., which published works of other experts.
Many more people deserve to be mentioned here also, for example: Toby Hemenway and Geoff Lawton who gave numerous lectures and wrote numbers of popular articles on the field of environment protection and permaculture, or Vladislav Davidzon – the man who started “Regenerative Leadership Institute” in 2004 and helped over 250.000 people who attended his program in over 95 countries. His pragmatic approach to permaculture courses insists on total immersion in nature, and is therefore very popular all over the world.
Posted by Earl Bachman | Comments Off on HOW TO BUILD A CHERRY TREE GUILD
A fruit tree guild is a great way to create a food forest in your yard or garden, and learn principles employed by natural ecosystems to remain productive and thrive. All the layers in a fruit tree guild will ensure that the tree gets enough nutrients, shelter and other resources necessary to ensure that the fruit produces healthy and sufficient quantities of fruit. The plants chosen to support the central tree will perform several functions including pest control, provision of compost and mulch and attracting pollinators. Below are the several layers that compose a cherry tree guild, the plants you can incorporate in each and the functions they perform.
- Canopy Layer – Cherry Tree
Pick the right cherry tree species for your climate as well as varieties that appeal to your palate. Look for a strong and sturdy tree without any diseased branches or leaves.
- Shrub Layer – Comfrey
Comfrey is a perennial shrub that is usually planted in a ring around the central plant in a guild. The plant has large leaves and prolific foliage which drop off the plant to provide mulch for the entire guild. You can also chop the leaves off every few weeks and spread them around the base of the tree for even greater mulching activity. Comfrey also supplies fertilizer to the guild when the leaves decompose. The fertilizer from comfrey is rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron. Comfrey’s deep taproot helps to draw nutrients from the soil and bring it to the surface for use by other plants with shallower roots.
- Herbaceous layer – Yarrow
Yarrow and other herbs have great foliage, beautiful flowers and emit a lovely scent that helps to attract beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies which facilitate pollination. It also attracts other insects which help to control pests including spiders, ladybirds and spiders.
- Groundcover layer – Chives
Chives are a perennial plant used for groundcover as well as insect control in a guild due to their strong smell and a juice that is toxic to harmful insects. They can also be used to attract pollinators which are not affected by their juice.
- Vertical layer – Beans
Climbing beans are nitrogen fixing and utilize the power of the sun to convert nitrogen in the atmosphere into ammonia that it delivers into the ground for use by other plants in the guild.
- Rhizosphere Layer – Echinacea
Echinacea is a drought resistant plant that grows from a deep taproot that enables it to reach for water reserves and nutrients that are located deep in the soil. As a result, it is ideal for planting under cherry and other trees since it will not be affected by dry shade. It also helps to bring up nutrients from the soil that can be utilized by the whole guild.
Plant combinations can make or break your guild and it is therefore imperative to find out the properties of the plants you intend to use in your fruit forest and select the ones which complement each other as well as contribute the most to your guild. If you would like to find out how to design the best guilds, the Open Permaculture School and Regenerative Leadership institute (visit) has several courses on the best ways to go about this, and information is available on their website.Read More
Posted by Earl Bachman | Comments Off on Compost For Soil Amendment
Compost can be used to make soil more suitable for the growth of plants. It adds certain soil properties and improves on some making plant growth relatively easier and more productive. Compost not only adds value to the soil itself but also increases the properties of the soil for growth of plants and habitation of organisms.
Organic compost increases the soil’s capacity to retain water. The compost fills up the soil spaces making it possible for the soil to hold more water. At the same time, the compost also increases the insulation properties of the soil. When applied as a mulch, the compost prevents excessive heat from the sun from reaching the soil. This reduces the rate and amount of evaporation taking place. Similarly, the compost insulates against heat loss from the soil. When there is an excessive amount of heat in the soil, it dissipates into the atmosphere through the evaporation of the water within the soil. Compost therefore prevents this and makes the watering of the plants less frequent.
Compost increases the nutrient value of the soil. The concentrations of these nutrients, which are mostly carbon and nitrogen, are not so much in compost as they are in inorganic chemicals. However compost also contributes to the fertilization of soil. More so, organisms that are attracted to the soil due to the compost increase the break down process of soil. Additionally, their death and decomposition adds valuable nutrients to the soil therefore adding to its nutrient value.
By breaking down the soil into finer particles, compost gives soil better aeration. There is therefore a better flow of gases into and out of the soil. This is beneficial for when the seedlings are germinating as they get to germinate faster. In addition, the seedlings break the soil surface easier. Soil contains a large number of organisms and microorganisms that are all vital to increasing its nutrient value. With better aeration properties, the organisms act better and function more effectively to boost the soil properties.
Compost also can be mixed with a dye to be used as a dye mulch. In essence, the compost is mixed with soil, and since this is used in landscaping the compost is in effect, being used to increase the aesthetic value of the soil. The compost therefore makes it possible to make the appearance of soil more appealing. Any colour dye can be applied therefore giving the soil a variety of appearances.
To learn more about the amendment of soil through compost, enroll at the Open Permaculture School and Regenerative Leadership Institute.
Posted by Earl Bachman | Comments Off on Green products and sustainable living
Maintainable living alludes to a way of life where a man’s utilization of the world’s characteristic assets is decreased however much as could be expected. Economical altering so as to live can be drilled the present routines for vitality utilization, transportation and even by changing one’s eating regimen, along these lines decreasing the carbon foot shaped impression a man deserts.
A great part of the mischief done to the earth is because of the wasteful and hurtful courses in which we devour our regular assets. The vast majority of the items that we utilize today are not helpful for green living. Case in point, the vehicles that we utilize today depend on gas which is thought to be a non-renewable asset. Our complete dependence on such an asset for all our transportation needs makes maintainable living unimaginable. Some research results you can find on Permaculture Institute.
Moreover, the sorts of homes and business structures we utilize today are very wasteful with regards to legitimate vitality utilization. The greater part of these structures uses vitality wastefully. Most structures use customary types of vitality that is gotten from non-renewable sources. Power, water, cooking gas and various vital prerequisites for the house are conveyed through service organizations and not created locally in every home. This puts a strain on the world’s assets.
On the off chance that everybody could begin utilizing green items, we could improve much utilization of the assets that we have close by. Additionally, by changing over to renewable wellsprings of vitality, we need not stress over draining them as they would be never-endingly accessible to us.
Vitality proficient homes are one of the most recent green items that improve utilization of vitality. These homes use regular daylight however much as could reasonably be expected for indoor lighting, rather than utilizing power. A hefty portion of these homes likewise have sun oriented boards to produce their own power as opposed to depending exclusively on the matrix. Utilizing precipitation water collecting routines, and dim water reusing, these homes improve utilization of water.
Green items for transportation are additionally being created today for reasonable living. Autos that keep running on sun based force and bio-powers are accessible from numerous vehicle producers today. Indeed, even normal auto producers are starting to turn out with half and half models that utilization general gas and also exchange vitality hotspots for controlling the vehicle.
Our eating routine and the way we cook nourishment can likewise be changed for more maintainable living. The arrangement of specific sustenances requires more vitality than others. Moreover, certain cooking utensils devour more vitality or make wasteful utilization of vitality than others. By changing our eating routine, or utilizing others cooking techniques, we can ration more vitality in the kitchen too.
Changing over to green items in the range of transportation, vitality utilization in the home, and particularly in the kitchen, we can make maintainable living a reality in our lives.Read More
Posted by Earl Bachman | Comments Off on What you need to learn before designing a permaculture household
Permaculture is a term only about 40 years old, but it relies on concepts that have been known to people long before the arrival of modernization. It was coined in the seventies of the previous centuries by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren, and it was first a blend of “permanent” and “agriculture”, whereas today it can be interpreted more as a mixture of “permanent” and “culture”, since the principle is not only applied to gardening and sowing plants, but to many other aspects and elements of human life.
Permaculture lies on three main principles, which include taking care of the Earth before everything else, than taking care of people, and lastly – returning the excess to the Earth. It includes observing the nature before acting, and when you decide to act – you should build everything around natural principles, by following patterns from nature in all possible aspects. Permaculture does not observe elements as being separate, but it puts focus on their functioning as a whole, and that whole should be larger than a simple sum of the parts.
These principles, as previously mentioned, can be applied to many aspects of living – houses, gardening, designing parks, residential buildings, factories and even cemeteries. All of the objects created by the principles of permaculture are designed to be fully self-sustained and to return to the Earth what it has given to them.
Even though it might sound complicated, it is important to know that you do not need to be a professional architect, biologist, ecologist, chemist or engineer in order to create a permaculture project. First of all, you will need a lot of enthusiasm and willingness to learn, explore and broaden your knowledge. Once you decide to start a project of your own and once you gain knowledge on how to do it, you should be prepared that not everything will turn out exactly the way you expected for the first time, so you must be able and willing to experiment and to try and make mistakes. Maybe regenerative design institute can help.
Stop losing money
In order to avoid making too many mistakes and thus losing your money and other resources, there are courses in permaculture design you can take up, no matter what your previous education or your age might be. One of the most comprehensive courses of this kind is provided by the Regenerative Leadership Institute, whose lecturers have worked with students from almost 200 countries around the world in the past decade. The Institute was founded in 2004 by Vladislav Davidzon, and it offers both “face-to-face” courses, as well as online courses. If you wish to gain knowledge in permaculture design for any reason, you can take up this course completely free of charge. If you need a certificate in permaculture design to help your future career, there is also a paid course that provides you with an international certificate, also provided by the Institute.
Whatever the reason for your learning principles of permaculture may be, it is good to know that your education and age are not a restraining factor. All you need is to be eager to learn, and the ways to do it have never been accessible as they are today.